Gold glass, also known as gold sandwich, is a high-end type of glass in which a gold leaf ornamental pattern is a fuse between two layers of glass. The gold-decorated sideskirts of cups and other objects frequently cut out of the original piece and cement to the walls of the catacombs of Rome. Rome as gravestones for the small recesses where bodies were was bury. It was first found in Hellenistic Greece, and it is particularly characteristic of the Roman of the Late Empire in the 3rd and 4th centuries AD, where the Cups and other containers with gold decorations were frequently cut out of the piece they had originally adorned and glued to the walls of the room.

A total of 500 pieces of gold glass was recover in this manner. Complete vessels are far more uncommon. Many depict Christian iconography, ancient Greco-Roman religion and its many cultic expansions, and Judaism in a few cases. Others feature portraits of their proprietors, with “One of the most vivid portraits from the early Christian period” being the finest. They have an unusually severe and sad intensity when they look at us “.. [3] The method also employ to create the gold color in mosaics starting in the first century AD.

Zwischengoldglas glass

“Gold glass” is a term that is using to denote a variety of approaches. Zwischengoldglas is similar to fused glass, except the two layers of glass cement together rather than melted. It primarily stems from the 18th and 19th centuries in Germany and Bohemia. The term “Verre églomisé” refers to a single sheet of glass that gilde or covered with various forms of metal leaf on the back, as seen on 19th-century store signs and the like.

Jean-Baptise Glomy (1711–1786) resurrected one of the processes, thus the name. Both of these techniques employ in ancient times, and the German and French languages frequently use local words for what is known in English as “gold glass.” Gold ruby, sometimes known as “cranberry glass,” red and tint with oxide. [4] Another ancient method discuss below gold-band glass.

Also Read: What is the Gold Fixing? And It’s Uses

How is gold glass prepared?

The design was a sandwich between two tightly fitting cast, ground, and polished vessels, which then fuse to make Hellenistic gold glass.

Hellenistic and ancient Roman glass

The word uses to describe various Hellenistic, and ancient Roman glass items adorned with leaf patterns cut and etched between two fused layers of glass. The design was a sandwich between two tightly fitting cast, ground, and polished vessels, which then fuse to make Hellenistic glass.

Method of gold glass made.

The gold glass difficult to make and need a high level of skill. A tiny round flat disc, generally three to five inches across, cut out from a blown sphere with a flatten bottom, either made of colored or plain glass, for a Late Roman glass. Gum arabic then use to adhere a piece of gold leaf to it. Gold leaf scrap away to form the pattern. The primary vessel, a cup or bowl, create by blowing and cutting, with a flat bottom the same size as the initial disc.

The flat bottom heat again and gently placed onto the design disc, superimposing the flat bottom with the design disc to fuse them. To finish the fusing, the entire vessel heat one more time. The exact order of steps and other details vary slightly across stories from various times, but the procedure is fundamentally the same.

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