A room can have multiple purposes. It can be a place to relax, work on the computer, do crafts, cook, go out to eat with friends, and much more. For this reason, the functions must correspond to the environment or application of the room.

“The top instruction I can give you is this: no matter what you are doing or what you are trying to achieve, always install three types of lighting in a room,” says Patricia Rizzo of the Lighting Research Center. People often expect a single light source to meet all their needs. However, each of the three types of lighting has a specific function to meet specific needs, namely:

  • Ambient
  • Workplace
  • Accent

Indoor Ambient Lighting

General or ambient lighting should illuminate a room as a whole. Ensures uniform lighting throughout the room, regardless of other light sources.

In addition, you must ensure easy and safe traffic and provide an overview of the space. Ambient light “bounces” off the walls to brighten as much of the space as possible.

Types of Lights that can provide general Indoor Ambient Lighting:

  • chandelier
  • Ceiling light
  • Wall bracket

Traditional recessed Spotlights and/or LED Downlights

  • Track light
  • Floor lamp
  • Desk lamp
  • Outdoor ambient

Exterior lighting is generally installed to ensure visibility and increase safety around a building. It also recommends that the exterior of the building, entrances, and stairways be illuminated to reduce and potentially eliminate the risk of injury when entering and exiting the building.

To learn more about outdoor lighting, read our article Affordable, efficient, and safe outdoor

Also Read: When did Power Windows First Appear? How do they Work?

Types of Luminaires that provide Atmospheric Outdoor Lighting:

  • Headlights
  • Pendant light
  • The glass roof and garage
  • Pole lantern
  • Wall
  • Recessed accessory used in cantilever structures

Task Lighting

Task lighting illuminates a person’s tasks in a given space, such as reading, cooking, and working on the computer. A brighter light requires a minor focal point in the room for these types of tasks.

It is often best to avoid strong lights or lights that cast annoying shadows for more pleasant . It is also convenient to install a single switch for spotlighting, independent of the general room light switch.

Types of fixtures that provide Task Lighting:

  • Recessed luminaire with directional gimbal or downlight
  • Pendant light
  • Slim bar and under cabinet
  • Tape and extrusion
  • Portable or desk lamp

Accent Lighting

Accent lighting uses primarily to focus on a specific point of interest or to attain the desired effect. This type of lightings gives the dint of a larger room. It is most commonly used to highlight an architectural feature, a plant (outdoors), a sculpture, or a collection of objects.

As a general rule of thumb, adequate accent requires three times more light to install at the focal point than ambient lightings typically provide.

Types of lights that provide Accent Lighting:

  • Track light
  • Slim bar and low cabinet
  • Tape and extrusion
  • Directional recessed or downlight luminaire
  • Wall lamps

In summary

Frequently, we begin to design our plan with ambient and then identify areas where accent is required. In general, when choosing the different types of it to use in your situation, it is best to switch from generic to specific.

Therefore, it is important to know the purpose of a room before starting development. However, suppose there are several specific tasks to perform in a room (for example, a jewelry store) or several points to highlight (for example, a museum or an art gallery). In that case, it is best to jump a lighting plan with a accent. For more information on lightings requirement, see article 7, Spatial categories and their lightings requirement.

If you need help designing your lighting plan (commercial or industrial), call our project department. Our experts offer free energy audits, luminaires, and a solution with different types of it to improve them.

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